A page from Franz Boas’ field notebook written during his early 1890s work in the community of Bay Center, Washington.

This work produced two significant volumes on related Chinookan languages, Kathlamet Texts and Chinook Texts. These are the aboriginal languages of the Five tribes of the Chinook Indian Nation.

Also pictured is Charles Cultee, who was Boas’ primary informant in Bay Center. Boas said that Cultee “proved to be a veritable storehouse of information”

Cultee is buried in the Bay Center Cemetery.

Bay Center is the home of the Chinook Indian Nation’s Tribal office today.














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